A 28/32/38 GHz Circularly Polarized DRA Micro-strip Antenna for 5G mm-Wave Applications
Keywords:patch antenna, dual-band, DRA, mm wave frequencies, circular polarization, partial ground plane
In modern communication system, mobile communication spectrum, below 3 GHz bands, faces more shortage and is not able to serve people with more efficient device connectivity and required data speed. Upon this background, 5G wireless communication – the 5th generation mobile technology standards are able to deliver high data rates, low latency communications, and massive device connectivity. For the efficient deployment of the 5G systems, and in order to support higher bandwidth, there is a dire need to design a compact and efficient antenna at mm wave frequencies (26/28 and 38). The resulting antenna, as the outcome, has been established to possess a compact size of 10 × 12 × 0.254 mm3 that covers three bands from the frequency spectra. The lower band resonant frequency is located at 26.74 GHz, the range between 25.44 GHz and 28.37 GHz, the middle band resonant frequency is located at 32 GHz, the range between of 31.08 GHz and 32.48 GHz, and the higher resonant frequency is located at 38.76 GHz, the range between 36.04 GHz and 40.34 GHz. In this article a modified novel structure of partial ground plane and DRA are used to get the better radiation enhancement and circular polarization. In this, the circularly polarized bands consist of the axial ratios <3 dB which are 27.95 GHz to 28.37 GHz, 31.08 GHz to 31.67 GHz, and 36.04 GHz to 38.73 GHz. The gain achieved is greater than 6.5 dBi and the efficiency is greater than 96% over the three bands. Ultimately, it is proved to the right option for 5G mm wave applications.
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LicenseCopyright (c) 2023 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Copyright (c) 2022 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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