Pathotyping and Antibiotic Resistance Characteristics of Escherichia coli Isolates from Calf Diarrhea
Keywords:E. coli, isolation, pathotyping, antimicrobial resistance
Calf diarrhea is an important disease that causes economic losses and E. coli is the primary pathogen. In this study, stool samples were collected from a total of 100 calves with diarrhea. As a result of 16S rRNA PCR analysis, it was confirmed that 50 (96.15%) of 52 E. coli isolates were molecularly E. coli. As a result of molecular pathotyping studies of 50 E. coli isolates, the pathotypes of 21 (42.0%) E. coli strains were identified. E. coli (n = 50) isolates were found to be resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanate by 34%, to ciprofloxacin by 38%, and to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole by 60%. Different degrees of antimicrobial resistance genes were detected in 26 (52%) E. coli isolates. In conclusion, a data source was provided for the antimicrobial treatment procedure in calf diarrhea caused by E. coli in our region, and the results that could guide future studies were also brought to the literature.
How to Cite
LicenseCopyright (c) 2023 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Copyright (c) 2022 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Copyright is subject to the protection of the Bulgarian Copyright and Associated Rights Act. The copyright holder of all articles on this site is Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. If you want to reuse any part of the content, please, contact us.