Fluid Structure Interaction Analyses of Elevated Storage Tank under Seismic Load

Authors

  • R. Tuğrul Erdem Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
  • Engin Gücüyen Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7546/CRABS.2024.05.10

Keywords:

elevated storage tank, fluid structure interaction, numerical analysis, coupled Eulerian Lagrangian technique

Abstract

Elevated storage tanks are used to store fresh and waste water, cereal, oil and petrochemical materials. Therefore they serve in a wide area of utilization in this day and age. Analysis of a half full with water elevated storage tank is performed in the scope of this study. The structure is composed of a steel circular storage tank and frame typed steel stager. The structure is under the effect of earthquake loads as well as operational ones. Numerical model is generated by Finite Elements Analysis (FEA) software including fluid and structure parts. The interaction of the parts is provided by Coupled Eulerian Lagrangian (CEL) technique. While the structure constitutes the Lagrangian part, the fluid constitutes the Eulerian part. Interaction of Eulerian and Lagrangian parts are provided by general contact algorithms. Free surface movement of the water, maximum displacements and natural frequency values with related mode shapes of the structure are obtained after numerical analysis. Numerical results are verified by semi-analytical model, where the structure is modelled as single degree of freedom system. The accordance between results is numerically and visually obtained. The turbulent movement of water under the influence of an earthquake is modelled by utilizing the CEL technique. So, the effect of the dynamic pressure induced by the turbulence on the tank and the structural system has been taken into consideration.

Author Biographies

R. Tuğrul Erdem, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Manisa Celal Bayar University,
45020, Turkey

E-mail: tugrul.erdem@cbu.edu.tr

Engin Gücüyen, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Manisa Celal Bayar University,
45020, Turkey

E-mail: engin.gucuyen@cbu.edu.tr

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Published

25-05-2024

How to Cite

[1]
T. Erdem and E. Gücüyen, “Fluid Structure Interaction Analyses of Elevated Storage Tank under Seismic Load”, C. R. Acad. Bulg. Sci. , vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 725–734, May 2024.

Issue

Section

Engineering Sciences